price notion when measuring the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes, (iv) requires separate presentation of financial assets and financial liabilities by measurement category and form of financial asset on the balance sheet or the accompanying notes to the financial statements, and (v) clarifies that an entity should evaluate the need for a valuation allowance on a deferred tax asset related to available-for-sale securities in combination with the entity’s other deferred tax assets. The guidance is effective for interim and fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is not permitted. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of this new guidance on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that requires, among other things, a lessee to recognize a right-of-use asset representing an entity’s right to use the underlying asset for the lease term and a liability for lease payments on its balance sheet, regardless of classification of a lease as operating or financing. For leases with a term of twelve months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and liabilities and account for the lease similar to existing guidance for operating leases today. This new guidance supersedes all prior guidance. The guidance is effective for interim and fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. The standard requires lessees and lessors to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of this new guidance on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In March 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that simplifies the accounting for stock-based compensation. The new guidance (i) requires all excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies to be recognized in the income statement with the tax effects of vested or exercised awards treated as discrete items. Additionally, excess tax benefits will be recognized regardless of whether the benefit reduces taxes payable in the current period, effectively eliminating the APIC pool, (ii) concludes excess tax benefits should be classified as an operating activity in the statement of cash flows, (iii) requires an entity to make an entity-wide accounting policy election to either estimate a forfeiture rate for awards or account for forfeitures as they occur, (iv) changes the threshold for equity classification for cash settlements of awards for withholding requirements to the maximum statutory tax rate in the applicable jurisdiction and (v) concludes cash paid by an employer when directly withholding shares for tax-withholding purposes should be classified as a financing activity in the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for interim and fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company adopted the new guidance as of January 1, 2017. As a result of adoption, the Company recognized a $5.9 million excess tax benefit as a discrete item in its tax provision related to the vesting of restricted stock awards in the first quarter of 2017. This tax benefit is classified as an operating activity on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. Additionally, the Company elected to account for forfeitures of stock awards as they occur and not estimate a forfeiture rate. The Company does not expect the forfeiture rate election to have a material impact on its financial statements.
In November 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that clarifies how restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be presented in the statement of cash flows. The guidance requires the cash flow statement to show changes in the total of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents, which eliminates the presentation of transfers between cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents. The guidance is effective for interim and fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted the new guidance retrospectively as of December 31, 2016. The prior period has been adjusted to reflect this adoption, as detailed below:
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Increase in Restricted Cash
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
Cash and Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash at Beginning of Period
Cash and Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash at End of Period
In January 2017, the FASB issued new guidance which simplifies the subsequent measurement of goodwill. The new guidance eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test, which required entities to determine the implied fair value of goodwill as of the test date to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, an entity should continue to test goodwill for impairment by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount (Step 1), and an impairment charge will be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. The guidance is effective for interim and fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company early adopted this guidance in the second quarter of 2017.