In the first quarter of 2017, KHE revenue was down 13%, due to declines in average enrollments at Kaplan University, offset by increased revenues at the domestic professional and other continuing education businesses. KHE operating results declined in the first quarter of 2017 due primarily to lower enrollment at Kaplan University.
New higher education student enrollments at Kaplan University were up 2% in the first quarter of 2017; however, total students at Kaplan University were 32,536 at March 31, 2017, down 13% from March 31, 2016.
Kaplan University enrollments at March 31, 2017 and 2016, by degree and certificate programs, are as follows:
As of March 31
Kaplan Test Preparation (KTP) includes Kaplan’s standardized test preparation programs. KTP revenue declined 3% for the first quarter of 2017. Enrollments, excluding the new economy skills training offerings, were down 3% for the first three months of 2017. In comparison to 2016, KTP operating results were down 24% in the first quarter of 2017 due to lower revenues. Operating losses for the new economy skills training programs were $3.8 million and $4.1 million for the first quarter of 2017 and 2016, respectively.
Kaplan International includes English-language programs, and postsecondary education and professional training businesses largely outside the United States. In January and February 2016, Kaplan acquired Mander Portman Woodward, a leading provider of high-quality, bespoke education to UK and international students in London, Cambridge and Birmingham; and Osborne Books, an education publisher of learning resources for accounting qualifications in the UK.
Kaplan International revenue declined 3% for the first quarter of 2017; on a constant currency basis, revenue increased 4% primarily due to growth in Pathways enrollments. Operating income increased in the first quarter of 2017, due largely to the improved Pathways and English-language results, partially offset by a decline in Singapore.
Kaplan corporate and other represents unallocated expenses of Kaplan, Inc.’s corporate office, other minor businesses and certain shared activities.
In the first quarter of 2016, Kaplan sold Colloquy, which was a part of Kaplan corporate and other, for a gain of $18.9 million that is included in other non-operating income.
On January 17, 2017, the Company closed on its agreement with Nexstar Broadcasting Group, Inc. and Media General, Inc. to acquire WCWJ, a CW affiliate television station in Jacksonville, FL and WSLS, an NBC affiliate television station in Roanoke, VA for $60 million in cash and the assumption of certain pension obligations. The Company continues to operate both stations under their current network affiliations.
Revenue at the television broadcasting division decreased 1% to $91.5 million in the first quarter of 2017, from $92.0 million in the same period of 2016. Excluding revenue from the two newly acquired stations, revenue declined 6% due to a $4.2 million decrease in political advertising revenue and lower network revenue, offset by $2.9 million in higher retransmission revenues. As previously disclosed, the Company's NBC affiliates in Houston and Detroit are operating under a new contract with NBC effective January 1, 2017 that has resulted in a significant increase in network fees in 2017, compared to 2016. Operating income for the first quarter of 2017 decreased 37% to $26.0 million, from $41.2 million in the same period of 2016 due to the significantly higher network fees and lower revenues. The Company's television broadcasting division stations are operating under a new retransmission contract with Comcast effective April 1, 2017.